Migration of Retirement-Age Blacks to Nonmetropolitan Areas in the 1990s

Beale, Calvin, and Glenn Fuguitt
Working paper no. 2008-09


Older Blacks migrated to nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) communities in the 1990s to a degree not true of the past. Some of the nonmetro counties that attracted them are well-known retirement areas also favored by other retirees, mostly Whites. Two-thirds of Black retirement counties, however, are areas in the Old South that are not attracting other retirees at a substantial rate, if at all. Although the data indicate significant rates of retirement-age Blacks migrating to 85 nonmetro counties, most migration by older Blacks is to metro destinations.